Inferring Reading Strategy [ Everything About It]

inferring reading strategy
One caucasian boy lying on the floor at home in day reading a book front view copy space real people education concept

Ever heard of inferring reading strategy ? Here on this page is everything you need to know about inferring reading strategy, inferring reading strategy example, Activities, and why inferring reading strategy is important. Let’s dive in

Reading is a fundamental skill that is essential for academic, professional, and personal growth. However, reading comprehension is not a passive activity, and it requires active engagement and the use of specific strategies to comprehend and retain information.

Inferring reading strategy is a critical aspect of understanding how individuals read and comprehend text. In this article, I will be showing you everything about  inferring reading strategy and how to infer reading strategy to better support individuals in developing their reading comprehension skills.

By understanding the process of inferring reading strategy, teachers, parents, and students can improve their ability to comprehend and retain information while reading. Let’s jump in

>> See This SuggestionWhat Are The Best 7 Strategies of Reading

Some Reading Strategy That Will Make inferring reading strategy More Easier To Explain And Implement

inferring reading strategy

There are several types of reading strategies that individuals can use to comprehend text and we need to understand the strategy to make inferring reading strategy effective. These strategies can be categorized into two main groups: top-down and bottom-up strategies.

Top-Down Strategies

Top-down strategies involve using prior knowledge, background information, and context to make sense of text. These strategies include:

  1. Activating prior knowledge: This strategy involves using what you already know about a topic to make sense of new information. For example, if you are reading an article about climate change, you can activate your prior knowledge about the causes and effects of climate change to better understand the article.
  2. Making predictions: This strategy involves making educated guesses about what will happen next in the text based on the information you have already read. For example, if you are reading a mystery novel, you can make predictions about who the killer might be based on the clues presented in the text.
  3. Using context clues: This strategy involves using the words and phrases surrounding an unfamiliar word to determine its meaning. For example, if you come across the word “ebullient” in a sentence, you can use the context clues to infer that it means “exuberant” or “cheerful.”

>> See This Suggestion: Action Research in Reading Comprehension To Improve Reading

Bottom-Up Strategies

Bottom-up strategies involve decoding individual words and phrases to understand their meaning. These strategies include:

  1. Decoding: This strategy involves breaking down words into their component sounds and using phonics rules to sound out the word. For example, if you come across the word “cat,” you can sound out each letter and blend them together to form the word.
  2. Recognizing sight words: This strategy involves recognizing high-frequency words that do not follow regular phonics rules. For example, the words “the” and “and” are commonly used in English and do not follow regular phonics rules.
  3. Using word families: This strategy involves recognizing patterns in words, such as prefixes and suffixes, to determine their meaning. For example, the prefix “un-” means “not,” so the word “unhappy” means “not happy.”

Inferring Reading Strategy

inferring reading strategy

Inferencing reading strategy involves using clues from the text and prior knowledge to determine what reading strategy is being used. Inferring reading strategy can be helpful for teachers and parents to understand the reading process of their students and children. Here are some steps to infer reading strategy:

Step 1: Observe the Reader

The first step in inferring reading strategy is to observe the reader. Watch the reader as they read and take note of their behaviors. Do they pause frequently to decode words? Do they read smoothly without pausing? Do they ask questions about the text?

Step 2: Look for Clues in the Text

The next step in inferring reading strategy is to look for clues in the text. Pay attention to the reader’s responses to the text, such as their facial expressions, body language, and verbal responses. Look for evidence of the different types of reading strategies, such as predicting, summarizing, and visualizing.

Step 3: Ask Questions

The final step in inferring reading strategy is to ask questions. Ask the reader about their thought process while reading. What strategies did they use to comprehend the text? Did they use any background knowledge to make sense of the text? What questions did they have while reading?

inferring reading strategy example

inferring reading strategy

Let’s consider an example of inferring reading strategy. Imagine a student is reading a passage about the life cycle of a butterfly. As the student reads, you observe that they pause frequently and seem to be struggling with decoding some of the words. Based on this observation, you can infer that the student is using a bottom-up strategy, such as decoding, to comprehend the text.

Next, you ask the student about their thought process while reading. They tell you that they were trying to sound out the difficult words and that they were having trouble understanding the meaning of some of the sentences. Based on this response, you can infer that the student may also be using context clues as a top-down strategy to comprehend the text.

Finally, you look for clues in the text to confirm your inference. You notice that the text contains many scientific terms and complex sentences, which may explain why the student is struggling with decoding and comprehension. However, you also notice that the text includes illustrations and captions that provide visual cues and background knowledge to support comprehension.

Based on your observation, questioning, and analysis of the text, you can infer that the student is using a combination of bottom-up and top-down strategies to comprehend the text. Armed with this knowledge, you can provide targeted support and feedback to help the student improve their reading comprehension skills.


inferring reading strategy activities

There are several activities that can be used to help individuals infer reading strategy. Here are a few examples:

  1. Observation: Observing a reader while they are reading can provide valuable insights into their reading strategy. While observing, pay attention to their reading rate, pausing patterns, facial expressions, and body language. These observations can help infer which reading strategy the reader is using and identify areas for improvement.
  2. Think Aloud: Think aloud is a strategy in which the reader verbalizes their thoughts while reading. By listening to the reader’s thought process, it is possible to infer their reading strategy. Encourage the reader to explain their reasoning and thought process while reading. This activity can help the reader become more aware of their reading strategy and improve their comprehension skills.
  3. Questioning: Asking open-ended questions about the text can help infer the reader’s reading strategy. For example, asking questions such as “What do you think will happen next?” or “Why do you think the character made that decision?” can provide insights into how the reader is comprehending the text. >> See This: Generating Questions For Reading Comprehension [ Best Guide]
  4. Text Analysis: Analyzing the text can provide clues about the reader’s reading strategy. Pay attention to the difficulty level of the text, the presence of illustrations, and the use of vocabulary. These clues can help infer which reading strategy the reader is using.
  5. Guided Reading: Guided reading is a strategy in which a teacher or parent reads aloud to the reader and models reading strategies
Leave a Reply
You May Also Like